Northern Mindanao (Region X) comprises five provinces—Camiguin, Misamis Oriental, Lanao del Norte, Bukidnon and Misamis Occidental—and nine cities—Cagayan de Oro (CDO), El Salvador, Gingoog, Iligan, Malaybalay, Oroquieta, Ozamis, Tangub and Valencia.
Iligan and CDO, the regional center, are the largest cities. The region has close trade links with Cebu. Several roll-on-roll-off vessels operate directly to or via Bohol.
The region covers a land area of 2.05 million hectares (ha). More than 60 percent of Northern Mindanao’s total land area is classified as forest land. The population was 4.30 million in 2010.